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防火小知识 - Small knowledge of fire prevention

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现在还是有很多学校会给学生进行培训进行防火防震演习,就为了在意外突然来临的时候,学生们不至于束手无策,能够尽快地保证自己的安全,将伤害和意外降低到最小,而在防火这方面也是有很多小知识可以给大家介绍的,下面小编会给大家介绍几种关于防火的小知识。

防火小知识 - Small knowledge of fire prevention

为规范社会单位的消防安全管理行为;建立消防安全自查、火灾隐患自除、消防责任自负的自我管理与约束机制;达到防止火灾发生、减少火灾危害,保障人身和财产安全的目标;社会单位必须要有“检查消除火灾隐患能力、组织扑救初起火灾能力、组织人员疏散逃生能力和消防宣传教育培训能力”,社会单位消防安全要“自理”。

建立防火巡查、防火检查制度,确定巡查、检查的人员、内容、部位和频次;

建立火灾隐患判定整改制度,发现火灾隐患立即改正,不能立即改正的,逐级报告;

配置消防设施、器材,确保其完好有效,员工应掌握使用方法并能熟练操作,并根据火灾危险性,制订有针对性的灭火和应急疏散预案;

防火小知识 - Small knowledge of fire prevention

熟悉本单位消防安全标志、疏散通道、安全出口,掌握疏散程序、逃生技能,火灾发生时,通过喊话、广播等方式,按照灭火和应急疏散预案要求通知、引导火场人员正确逃生;通过张贴图画、消防刊物、视频、网络、举办消防文化活动等多种形式对公众宣传防火、灭火、应急逃生等常识,每半年至少组织一次对全体员工的消防知识

防火小知识 - Small knowledge of fire prevention

消防部门或派出所将通过随机对员工进行消防知识考试和消防设施、器材操作技能考核;设定起火点组织灭火和应急疏散演练,查看处置初起火灾的情况;检查单位消防器材、设施管理及消防安全标志设置情况;检查档案资料、记录等形式进行考核。符合本标准规定的为消防安全“四个能力”建设达标单位。而存在未依法取得消防行政许可、备案,擅自投入使用、营业的;存在重大火灾隐患未整改的;未按规定设置安全疏散设施和标识的;未按要求进行灭火和应急疏散演练的;未按要求组织开展防火检查、防火巡查的,发现火灾隐患不整改的;员工消防知识考试和消防设施、器材操作技能考核不通过的等情形,将被判定为不达标。

消防安全四个能力是和谐社会的消防基本要求,将是每个人进入社会基本的工作能力。


Reading guide

At present, there are still many schools to train students to carry out fire and shock drills. In order to break the accident suddenly, the students are not helpless, can ensure their safety as soon as possible, reduce the injury and accident to the minimum, and in the field of fire protection, there are also a lot of small knowledge can be introduced to you. Below, Xiaobian will give you some knowledge about fire prevention.

防火小知识 - Small knowledge of fire prevention

In order to standardize the fire safety management behavior of social units, establish self management and restraint mechanisms for self-examination of fire safety, fire hazard self elimination and fire responsibility, and achieve the goal of preventing fire, reducing fire hazards and ensuring the safety of people and property; the social units must have the ability to check the ability to eliminate the hidden fire hazards. The ability to organize fire fighting, the ability to evacuate and evacuate the organization, and the ability to publicize and educate the fire prevention personnel "must be taken care of".

A fire prevention inspection and fire protection inspection system shall be established to determine the personnel, contents, locations and frequencies of inspections and inspections.

Establishing a rectification system for fire hazards, and finding fire hazards immediately corrected, and failing to correct them immediately, and reporting them step by step;

Deploy fire protection facilities and equipment to ensure that they are good and effective. The staff should master the use method and be able to operate skillfully. According to the fire hazard, the fire extinguishing and emergency evacuation plans are formulated.

防火小知识 - Small knowledge of fire prevention

Be familiar with the fire safety signs, evacuation passages, safety exits, evacuation procedures and escape skills. When the fire occurs, the fire and emergency evacuation plans are required to notify and guide the fire personnel to escape correctly in fire and emergency evacuation plans. Various forms of cultural activities, such as public awareness of fire prevention, fire fighting, emergency escape and other common sense, every six months at least organized a fire knowledge for all employees.

防火小知识 - Small knowledge of fire prevention

Fire department or police station will conduct fire protection knowledge examination and fire protection facilities, equipment operation skills assessment by random, set fire points to organize fire extinguishing and emergency evacuation rehearsal, check the initial fire situation, inspection unit fire equipment, facilities management and fire safety mark setting; check the file data The examination is carried out in the form of record and so on. In accordance with the provisions of this standard, the "four abilities" for fire safety should be set up to meet the standards. But there is no law to obtain fire administrative license and record, without authorization to put into use or business; there is no rectification of major fire hazards; no safety evacuation facilities and signs are set up according to the regulations; fire extinguishing and emergency evacuation drills are not carried out according to the requirements; fire prevention inspection and fire inspection are not organized according to the requirements, and fire is found to find fire If the hidden danger is not corrected, the staff's fire knowledge examination and the assessment of fire facilities and equipment operation skills will not be passed.

The four abilities of fire safety are the basic requirements of fire fighting in a harmonious society, and will be the basic ability of everyone to enter the society.

防火小知识 - Small knowledge of fire prevention:等您坐沙发呢!

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