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五脏的功能和作用 - Function and function of five zang organs

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人体有五脏六腑,五脏为肝,心,脾,肺,肾,五脏在人体中互相配合,相辅相成,在共同作用下维护人体的正常活动与生长发育,五脏各有各的功能和作用,任何一个脏器对于身体来说都是十分重要的,所以我们要好好保护我们的脏器,那么今天就来和小编一起看一看五脏的功能和作用吧。

五脏的功能和作用 - Function and function of five zang organs

六腑:胆,小肠,胃,大肠,膀胱,三焦。

三焦:胸膈以上称为上焦,胸膈和肚脐之间称为中焦,肚脐以下称为下焦。

五脏的功能和作用 - Function and function of five zang organs

心包:包住心脏的一层包络。

肝属木,在体合筋,与胆相表里,其华在抓(指甲,趾甲),开窍于目,主藏血。

心属火,在体合脉,与大肠相表里,其华在面,开窍于舌,主血脉。

脾属土,在体合肉,与胃相表里,其华在唇,开窍于口,主统血。

肺属金,在体和皮毛,与小肠相表里,开窍与鼻。

肾属水,在体合骨,与膀胱相表里,其华在发。

五脏的功能和作用 - Function and function of five zang organs

木生火,火生土,土生金,金生水,水生木。

木克土,土克水,水克火,火克金,金克木。

二、功能

1.心与小肠:

心是脏腑中最重要的器官,起着主导和支配的作用。而中医认为,心主神志,与人们的思维意识活动有关,如我们经常说“用心想一想”,就是讲的心在人的思维活动中的作用。心是人体血液循环的动力,血液通过心脏的搏动而输送到全身,心血的盛衰都可以从脉搏上反映出来;心主汗,开窍于舌,舌质的变化可以反映出心的生理及病理变化。

小肠位于腹腔,通过胃消化后的饮食水谷进入小肠,进行进一步消化,吸收其中的营养,排除其糟帕。小肠有了问题就会出现消化吸收功能障碍,大小便异常,如腹痛、腹泻、少尿等症状。

心与小肠互属表里,心属里,小肠属表,心之阳气下降于小肠,帮助小肠区别食物中的精华和糟粕。如果心火过盛,可移热于小肠,出现小便短赤、灼痛、尿血等症状,反之,小肠有热,也可引起心火亢盛,出现心中烦热、面红、口舌生疮等症状。

2.肝与胆:

肝具有调节某些精神情志活动、贮藏血液和调节血量的功能,协助脾胃消化食物。肝开窍于目,肝脏有病常会引起各种眼病。

胆附于肝,胆所贮藏的胆汁是由肝分泌夹的,“借肝之余气,溢入于胆,积聚而成”。

肝胆互为表里,肝的疏泄功能正常,才能保证胆汁的贮存和排泄功能正常,胆汗排泄通畅,肝才能发挥其疏泄之性。肝胆发病时互相影响,所以在治疗时肝胆同治。

3.脾与胃:

脾胃主管饮食的消化、吸收和传输营养、水分,以供人体生命活动的各个组织器官的需要,故有“脾胃为后天之本”之说。此外脾还有调节水蔽、统血、主肌肉四肢的功能。胃主要是消化食物。脾与胃都是消化食物的主要脏腑,二者经脉互相联系,构成表里关系。胃主受纳,脾主运化,共同完成消化吸收和运输营养物质的任务。胃主降,水谷得以下行,便于消化,脾主升,水谷精微才能输布到全身。

4.肺与大肠:

肺上连气管喉咙,开窍于鼻。肺是呼吸器官,主要功能是主一身之气,肺功能正常,则气道通畅,呼吸均匀和调。如果肺气不足,则可出现呼吸减弱,身倦无力,气短自汗等全身虚弱症状。肺主肃降,通调水道,下输膀胱,保持小便通利。

大肠的主要功能是吸收水分,排泄槽帕。

肺与大肠构成表里关系。大肠的传导有赖于肺气的肃降,肺气肃降则大便传导如常,粪便排出通畅。若大肠积滞不通,反过来也影响肺气的肃降。

5.肾与膀胱:

肾主要功能藏精,一是指禀于父母之精,称为先天之精,是人体生殖发育的根本;一是指来源于脾胃的水谷之精,称为后天之精,是维持人体生命活动的物质基础。肾藏命门之火,命门之火不足,常导致全身阳气虚弱,发生各种疾病。肾主水、主骨、生髓,与人体的生殖、生长发育、衰老、水液代谢有密切关系。

膀胱的主要功能是贮尿和排尿。膀胱的排尿功能和肾气盛衰有密切关系。肾气充足,尿液可以及时分泌于膀胱并排出体外,若肾气虚而不能固镊,就会出现小便频繁,遗尿或失禁,肾虚气化不及,则出现尿闭或小便不畅。


Reading guide

The human body has five zang-fu organs, five zang-fu organs are liver, heart, spleen, lung, kidney and five zang-fu organs cooperate with each other and complement each other in the human body. Under the joint action, the normal activities and growth of the human body are maintained. Each of the five zang-fu organs has its own functions and functions. Any one of the organs is very important to the body, so we should protect them well. Our viscera, let's take a look at the functions and functions of the five viscera together with Xiao Bian today.

五脏的功能和作用 - Function and function of five zang organs

Six Fu organs: gallbladder, small intestine, stomach, large intestine, bladder and triple energizer.

Tri Jiao: above the chest and diaphragm is called the upper energizer. The chest diaphragm and the umbilicus are called the middle Jiao, and the lower abdomen is called the lower Jiao.

五脏的功能和作用 - Function and function of five zang organs

Pericardium: envelopes the heart.

Liver belongs to wood, in synthetical tendons, and gallbladder surface, its Hua in the grasp (nails, toenails), enlightened in the eyes, the main blood collection.

The heart is fire, and the body is in harmony with the large intestine.

The spleen belongs to the soil. It is in the body and flesh, and is in the same position with the stomach.

The lung is gold, in the body and fur, and in the interior of the small intestine.

The kidney is water, which is in the body and bone, and in the bladder.

五脏的功能和作用 - Function and function of five zang organs

Wood generates fire, fire generates earth, earth generates gold, gold generates water, water generates wood.

Wood gram soil, earth water, water fire, fire gold, Jin Kemu.

Two, function

1. hearts and small intestine:

The heart is the most important organ in the viscera, playing a leading and controlling role. Chinese medicine holds that the mind is in charge of the mind and is related to people's thinking activities. For example, we often say "think with your heart", that is, the role of the mind in people's thinking activities. Heart is the power of human blood circulation. Blood is transported to the whole body through the pulsation of the heart. The ups and downs of heart blood can be reflected from the pulse. The heart governs sweat and is open to the tongue. The changes of tongue can reflect the physiological and pathological changes of the heart.

The small intestine is located in the abdominal cavity, digested through the stomach into the small intestine after the food grain for further digestion, absorption of the nutrients, the elimination of its grains. Small intestine problems will appear digestive and absorption dysfunction, abnormal stool and urine, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, oliguria and other symptoms.

The heart and the small intestine belong to each other, the heart belongs to the inside, the small intestine belongs to the outside, and the Yang of the heart descends to the small intestine to help the small intestine distinguish the essence of food and dregs. If the heart fire is too hot, it can be transferred to the small intestine, and symptoms such as short red urine, burning pain, blood and urine appear. On the contrary, the small intestine is hot, but also can cause hyperactivity of the heart fire, heart irritation, flushing, sores of the tongue and other symptoms.

2. liver and gallbladder:

The liver has the function of regulating certain mental and emotional activities, storing blood and regulating blood volume, and assisting the spleen and stomach to digest food. Liver opens to the eye, and liver diseases often cause eye diseases.

Bile adheres to the liver, and the bile stored in the bile is secreted by the liver clamp, "through the remaining gas of the liver, overflow into the bile, accumulated from".

Liver and gallbladder are exterior and interior of each other, the normal function of the liver to ensure the normal function of bile storage and excretion, bile and sweat excretion, the liver can play its catharsis. When the liver and gallbladder are affected, the liver and gallbladder are treated simultaneously.

3. spleen and stomach:

The spleen and stomach are responsible for the digestion, absorption and transmission of nutrients and water in the diet for the needs of various tissues and organs of human life activities. Therefore, it is said that the spleen and stomach are the acquired basis. In addition, the spleen also regulates the functions of water, blood and muscles. The stomach is mainly digested food. The spleen and stomach are the main organs of food digestion, and the two meridians are interrelated, forming the relationship between exterior and interior. The stomach receives the main body, the spleen governs transportation, and completes the task of digestion, absorption and transportation of nutriment. The stomach governs and descends, and the valley of water can descend, which is easy to digest, the spleen to ascend, and the water and valley to spread to the whole body.

4. lungs and large intestine:

The lungs are connected to the throat and open to the nose. Lung is a respiratory organ, the main function is the main body of the gas, lung function is normal, then the airway is unobstructed, breathing uniform and regulated. If the lung qi is insufficient, there will be respiratory depression, fatigue, weakness, spontaneous sweating and other symptoms of general weakness. The lung governs and governs the descending, passes through the regulation channel, loses the bladder, maintains urine to pass the benefit.

The main function of the large intestine is to absorb water and drain the trough.

The lung and the large intestine constitute the exterior interior relationship. The transmission of large intestine depends on the descending and descending of lung qi. If the large intestine is stagnant, it will also affect the lung qi's descending.

5. kidney and bladder:

The kidney main function hides essence, is refers to in the parents essence, is called the congenital essence, is the human body reproductive development fundamental; First is refers to originates from the spleen and stomach's Valley essence, is called the acquired essence, is maintains the human body life activity material foundation. The fire of the kidney, the fire of the gate of life, the lack of fire in the gate of life often leads to weakness of the whole body and various diseases. The kidney governs water, bone and marrow, which is closely related to human reproduction, growth and development, aging and water metabolism.

The main function of the bladder is to store urine and urinate. The micturition function of the bladder is closely related to the rise and fall of kidney qi. Kidney Qi is sufficient, urine can be secreted in time in the bladder and excreted from the body, if kidney Qi deficiency can not be fixed forceps, there will be frequent urination, enuresis or incontinence, kidney deficiency Qi less than, there will be urinary arrest or urinary obstruction.

五脏的功能和作用 - Function and function of five zang organs:等您坐沙发呢!

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