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输尿管结石微创后遗症 - Minimally invasive sequelae of ureteral calculi

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在男性身上很容易出现输尿管结石这种泌尿性疾病问题,主要和男性的生理结构还有饮食习惯有着很大关系。而当产生输尿管结石之后,由于他对一位男性的正常小便能力有着很大影响,所以不少男性都会选择进行输尿管结石微创手术。但是如果进行输尿管结石微创手术之后,会产生哪些后遗症呢?

输尿管结石微创后遗症 - Minimally invasive sequelae of ureteral calculi

一、输尿管结石微创后遗症

一般来说 输尿管镜手术会造成输尿管狭窄、感染的后遗症。

二、输尿管结石患者的饮食

1、草酸盐结石:多从食物中生成,部分也可由内生机制生成。饮食应禁食含草酸高的蔬菜,如菠菜、苋菜、蕹菜、青蒜、洋葱、茭白、各种笋类等。口服叶酸5毫克,吡哆醇10毫克可防止甘氨酸转变为草酸。患此类结石病人要多饮水。

2、磷酸盐结石:因在碱性尿液中形成,故应多食用酸性食物,同时限制含钙高的食物。成酸性食物如畜禽肉类、鱼虾类、蛋类、谷物花生等。

输尿管结石微创后遗症 - Minimally invasive sequelae of ureteral calculi

3、尿酸盐结石:是由高尿酸血症引起,故应禁食含嘌呤高的食物,如动物内脏、浓肉汤、蘑菇、豌豆、龙须菜、沙丁鱼、凤尾鱼、鱼子等。应多食蔬菜水果,多饮水降低尿酸浓度。

4、钙盐结石:宜限制含钙高的牛奶、干酪、虾皮等。应多食成酸食物,如肉禽蛋类,使尿液呈酸性并大量饮水。

5、胱氨酸结石:注意限制蛋氨酸及酸性食物(动物食物)多食硷性食物(植物性食品)使尿液呈碱性并大量饮水。

输尿管结石微创后遗症 - Minimally invasive sequelae of ureteral calculi

三、输尿管结石的治疗原则

1、对症治疗:解痉、止痛、补液、抗炎、中药治疗

2、排石治疗活动的患者选用。

3、溶石治疗:服用药物,大量饮水,调节尿液pH值,控制饮食种类等方法。

4、体外震波碎石术。


Reading guide

Ureteral calculi, a kind of urinary disease, can easily occur in men, which is mainly related to their physiological structure and dietary habits. When ureteral calculi occur, many men will choose minimally invasive surgery for ureteral calculi because of its great influence on a man's normal urination ability. But what are the aftereffects of minimally invasive surgery for ureteral calculi?

输尿管结石微创后遗症 - Minimally invasive sequelae of ureteral calculi

1. Minimally invasive sequelae of ureteral calculi

In general, ureteroscopic surgery can cause ureteral stricture and sequelae of infection.

Two. Diet for patients with ureteral calculi

1. Oxalate stones are mostly produced from food and partly by endogenous mechanisms. The diet should be fast on vegetables with high oxalic acid, such as spinach, amaranth, water spinach, garlic, onion, fennel, bamboo shoots and so on. Oral oral administration of 5 mg of pyridoxine and 10 mg of pyridoxine can prevent glycine from converting to oxalic acid. Patients with such stones need plenty of water.

2. Phosphate stones: Because of the formation in alkaline urine, acidic foods should be eaten more, while limiting foods with high calcium content. Acidic foods such as livestock and poultry meat, fish and shrimp, eggs, grains and peanuts.

输尿管结石微创后遗症 - Minimally invasive sequelae of ureteral calculi

3. Uric acid stones are caused by hyperuricemia, so fasting foods with high purine content should be fasted, such as animal viscera, thick broth, mushrooms, peas, Gracilaria, sardines, anchovies, roe and so on. Eat more fruits and vegetables and drink more water to reduce uric acid concentration.

4, calcium salt stones: it is advisable to limit the milk, cheese and dried shrimps with high calcium content. They should eat more acidic food, such as meat and poultry eggs, make the urine acidic and drink plenty of water.

5. Cystine stones: Attention should be paid to restricting methionine and acidic food (animal food) to eat more alkaline food (plant food) to make urine alkaline and drink a lot of water.

输尿管结石微创后遗症 - Minimally invasive sequelae of ureteral calculi

Three. Principles of treatment for ureteral calculi

1, symptomatic treatment: spasmodic, analgesic, fluid replacement, anti-inflammatory, Chinese medicine treatment.

2. Stone removal can be used by patients who are active.

3, dissolution treatment: take medicine, drink plenty of water, regulate urine pH value, control diet type and other methods.

4. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.